In this blog, we will explore the basics of Node.js and its key features. We will also cover some code examples to help you understand how to work with Node.js.
Before we start working with Node.js, we need to install it on our system. Node.js can be installed on Windows, Linux, or macOS. To install Node.js, you can visit the official website (nodejs.org/en/download) and download the installer for your operating system.
Once the installer is downloaded, follow the instructions to install Node.js on your system. After installation, you can check if Node.js is installed properly by running the following command in your terminal:
This command will output the version of Node.js installed on your system.
Creating a Node.js Application
To create a Node.js application, we need to create a new folder for our project. In this folder, we will create a file called
app.js, which will contain our Node.js code.
To start with, let's create a basic Node.js application that outputs "Hello World!" to the console. Here's the code for
Save this file and run it using the following command in your terminal:
Copy codenode app.js
This command will run our Node.js application and output "Hello World!" to the console.
Node.js Key Features
Node.js has several key features that make it a popular choice for building scalable network applications. Let's take a look at some of these features:
- Asynchronous and Event-Driven
Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, which makes it highly scalable and efficient. In traditional server-side programming, each connection would spawn a new thread, which would consume resources and slow down the server. With Node.js, each connection can be handled asynchronously, allowing the server to handle a large number of connections with minimal resources.
- Fast Performance
Node.js is single-threaded, which means it can handle only one request at a time. However, it uses an event loop to manage asynchronous operations, which allows it to handle a large number of requests with minimal resources.
- NPM (Node Package Manager)
Node.js comes with NPM, a package manager that allows developers to easily install and manage third-party packages and modules.
Node.js can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS, making it a highly versatile and cross-platform tool.
Node.js has a modular architecture, which means that it is designed to work with small, independent modules that can be combined to create complex applications. Node.js has a core set of modules, which provide basic functionality such as file system access, networking, and cryptography. In addition to the core modules, Node.js has a large and active community of developers who create and maintain third-party modules that can be easily installed and used in Node.js applications.
Thanks for reading, more content soon, so make sure to follow me :)
Did you find this article valuable?
Support Aman Yadav by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!